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Cultural Studies | Language Arts | Mathematics | Practical Life and Learning Skills

Cultural Studies


Pre-Primary (Toddler)


Lower Elementary

Upper Elementary

Natural World Systems

Seasons, weather

Seasons, weather living/ non- living

Seasons, weather, organic/inorganic, solstices

Seasons, weather, organic/inorganic, solstices, nitrogen, and water cycles, migration of all species

Physical World Elements

Basic land and water forms

Land, water, air, globe and continents, basic land forms

Land, water air, basic land forms, rivers, volcanoes, mountains, internal parts of the earth, oceans of the earth, states of matter

Properties of matter,

passages of the states of matter, climates, physical geography

astronomy, gravity, solar energy, electricity, magnetism, light


Earth /globes introduced

Moon, sun and stars, planets

Formation of the universe theories and creation myths

Formation of a star, planets, death of a star, black holes and string theory, principles in physics, plate tectonics

General Sciences

Names of animal families/body parts

names of flowers and trees/parts

life cycles introduced

Parts of animals, classification of animals,

parts of a plant

parts of a leaf

parts of a flower,

introduction to life cycles (butterfly), scientific inquiry

Kingdoms of life,

botany, biology, Life cycles, simple machines

scientific method,

scientific inquiry

Periodic Table of Elements

vital functions, life cycles, Chinese boxes, Tree of Life, The Great River, scientific method, simple machines, ecology


Day, night, morning afternoon, evening, calendar

Celebrations, U.N. Day


Calendar, clock

cultural studies of the continents

Clock of eras, timeline of life, creation stories, study of continents and countries, study of North America, fundamental human needs

Timelines of Earth history, human life, ancient history, human inventions and contributions, Western civilization, explorers, Pin Maps and political geography

Language and Arts


(Pre-Primary) Toddler

(18 mos. - 2.6 years)


(3-6 years)

Lower Elementary

(6-9 years)

Upper Elementary

(9-12 years)


Practical Life activities, sound identification, carrying out spoken directions

Active listening skills introduced

Practical Life activities,

grace and courtesy, carrying out spoken directions, attentiveness, active listening skills at group time

All of the previous items, attention to speaker, ability to hear rhythm, rhyme and meter

All previous items, appreciation of others; views and ideas, reacting appropriate in dramatic presentations, Listening for a specific purpose, developing critical evaluation

Oral Communication

Sharing at circle times, communicating personal needs, enriched vocabulary development, world language study, story/poetry reading, singing together

Sharing at circle times,

communicating personal needs and concerns, conflict resolution skills, interpreting and telling stories, enriched vocabulary development, world language studies

Sharing at circle times, participation in class meetings and student government sessions, peer interactions, story telling and development

enriched vocabulary development/etymology studies, drama experiences, world- language studies

All previous items and multiple oral presentations, musical theater performances,

“Literature Circle” discussions, poise/confidence in group situations, ability to give clear directions, ability to develop respect during exchange of ideas

Written Communication

Name recognition

sound/letter matching

Composition, moveable alphabet words and phrases, ability to construct sentences, questions and answers

Narratives, recording experiences in sequence, setting, character, events in detail, friendly letter, use of dictionary, development of sentences, paragraphs, research skills, introduction to editing and revision work, mechanics, awareness of audience

Previous items and development of organizational structure of writing process to create clear coherent and focused essays, outlines, book reports, reviews, advanced research skills, newspaper writing, genre work, additional editing and mechanics skills, paraphrasing, formal letter writing, poetry, script-writing in response to literature, using appropriate technology



Identification and use of basic parts of speech (nouns, verbs) in speaking, games and activities (farm)

Identification and use of POS in speaking and in writing, games, activities (farm) and beginning analysis work

Previous listings, extensive language mechanics, verb study,

advanced sentence analysis, diagramming


Spelling child’s name on artwork

Phonemic awareness,  Phonetic spelling, invented spelling, correct spelling

Alpha-order, antonyms, synonyms, homophones, homonyms, capital letters, compound words, contractions, use of dictionary, weekly spelling tests

Previous listings, prefix/suffix, singular/plural, possessives, syllabication, rhyming,

continued weekly spelling tests. 



Strengthening of the hand through practical life skills,

pencil grip development,

beginning alphabet shapes

Preparation for writing through practical life skills, beginning writing activities and development of pencil grip, identification of D’Nealian letter shapes for lower case letter formation

Strengthening of pencil grip, writing fluidly and legibly, introduction of cursive writing upper and lower case formation, beginning study of the history of writing

Continue to maintain previous skills in cursive, in addition to note taking skills, and the study of the history of writing,

use and application of computer keyboarding skills


     Critical Thinking


Logical associations, comparison of qualities introduced

Develop analytical skills in group reading interpretation situations, able to classify and categorize ideas

Develop interpretive and evaluative questions from literary selections for group discussion, additional skills for literary response and analysis


Sitting and looking at books, alone and together in groups, modeling reading

Phonetic reading using moveable alphabet, word-building sequence: short vowels,  consonant blends, diagraphs, long vowels, vowel blends, compound words, two-syllable words, emergent reading

Independent reading, oral reading, silent reading for meaning, context clues,

group discussion and analysis, reading for fact finding, reading tables and charts, maps, and diagrams, etc.

All previous skills, reading knowledge (mathematical reading, scientific reading, textbook reading, encyclopedia reading, periodicals, journals, blogs, plays, multiple literature genres), explain common literary devices in fictional and non-fiction texts, use of library for independent reading






Pre-Primary (Toddler)

(18 mos. - 2.6 mos.)



Lower Elementary


Upper Elementary


Geometry and Measurement

Sensorial explorations,

geometric solids

Naming shapes in plane geometry, metal insets, solids, introduction of solid geometry terminology, constructive triangle boxes, point, line, surface and solid.

Geometric shapes of multiple triangles, classification of shapes

Naming, comparing and measuring geometric shapes and angles, using box of sticks, geometry cabinet, ruler, protractor for length, width, area and perimeter of rectangle, triangle, irregular shapes, polygons, Study of angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons

Introduction to volume

All previous in greater depth and for parallelograms triangles, circles for circumference and area , story of the Babylonians, Pythagorean Theorem,

Euclidean Geometry, graphing coordinate of points on Cartesian coordinate planes (4), number lines, symmetry, congruency, equivalency, translations, rotations, reflections, slides, finding the sums of angles in simple polygons

Number Sense/Decimal Systems

Counting quantities,

quantity/symbol association

Sensorial exploration of quantities and symbols, association of number/symbol in concrete progression, number building of quantities to 9,999, cardinal numbers, ordinal numbers, odd and even, extensive place value work, building of teens, tens, skip counting  to 1,000 using bead- chain cabinet and tags

Addition work with previous levels as well as counting and reading numbers 1-1,000,000, regrouping, Roman numerals, basic fractions, hierarchies, monomial, binomials, trinomials, decanomial

Advance fraction work, decimals to millionths, decimals to fractions, percentages, ratio, exponents, square root, cube root, binomials squared, trinomials squared, negative numbers, rational and irrational numbers, study of numeration in bases other than 10

Basic Operations

Addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division


Introduction of materials for all basic operations in static and dynamic levels for concrete experiences to understand the function of operations

Introduction of materials for all basic operations in static and dynamic levels for the passage to abstraction with charts and games for memory, understanding relationships between addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, as well as

telling time and adding/subtracting money


Introduction of basic operations in fractions, decimals, positive and negative numbers, reading expressions using letters and symbols to represent unknowns in equations.  

Problem Solving Strategies and Reasoning


Make sense of problems and look for ways to solve them concretely. developing problem solving strategies.

Introduction of writing and reading equations, predicting solutions, using mathematical terms in addition and subtraction

Use of basic operations in one and two step word problems, understanding the mathematical terms in relation to the operation and type of measurement involved, practicing problem solving strategies: models, diagrams, etc.  regularly to solve for the unknown. Reasoning abstractly.

Use of operations related to multiple step word problems, applying equation format and order of operations, in

calculating rate, time, distance, speed, interest, etc. Develop the ability to persevere to solve for the unknown, check for correct answer, use alternative method, use diagrams, etc. mathematical vocabulary to explain answers.

Computation and Estimation


Understanding number groupings as in tens

Mental calculations,

memorization of facts,

exploring of estimating and rounding skills

Use of mental calculations, estimating, rounding and memorization of facts when solving problems

Data, Statistics, Probability


Opportunity to describe or compare objects, quantities, and shapes, read charts and graphs

All of the previous level work, ability to represent and interpret data, create charts, graphs and collect data 

Using data to develop units of measure in a graph, converting units of measure in tables, calculating and completing in and out tables with a known variable, reading and calculating data from charts and graphs, develop understanding of statistical variables, probability

Patterns, Relations, and Algebra

Working with patterns of color and shape

Creating patterns, completing patterns

preparation for algebraic thinking through sensorial work with the binomial cube, trinomial cube work

Understanding properties of operations and the relationships of numbers in an equation.

Lowest common multiplier, greatest common divisor, prime and composite numbers, prime factorization-divisibility, properties of numbers, order of operations, extending arithmetical understanding to algebraic expressions 


Practical Life and Learning Skills


Pre-Primary (Toddler)


Lower Elementary

Upper Elementary


Makes choices

Makes choices, repeats work to proficiency

Makes choices, repeats work and works to proficiency and chooses challenging work

Makes choices, chooses challenging work, works without disturbing others, completes work


Demonstrates curiosity

Completes work

Works for own enjoyment 

Works collaboratively, completes long term projects, helps others with work


Demonstrates independence from adults

Works alone without assistance, personal independence

Works alone, keeps track of work, meets goals

Works independently as needed, meeting goals and setting new goals

Social Skills

Speaks with children and adults

Asks others to join in work,  play, eating .

Grace and courtesy lessons introduced and practiced

Joins others in work, play, and eating while understanding the intentions of others and  taking perspectives of others in conversation

Able to interpret the intentions of others, interact and communicate effectively with peers in multiple social situations

Problem Solving

Works to complete tasks, take turns,

Beginning problem solving

Works with others to solve problems and conflicts

Works well with others to identify and solve problems and conflicts

Holds self and other accountable for behaviors


Asks for help if needed

Cooperative play and work

Shares, tells stories, asks questions

Knows when to ask for help, can help others and is willing to do so

Shares personal stories and relates to others with empathy and demonstrates grace and courtesy


Care of self and environment,

learning ways to help others

Care of self and environment,

learning ways to help others

Care of self and environment, looks for ways to help others

Care of self and environment, looks for ways to help others regularly, thinks of others first

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